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You are in: Future Technologies : 3D Printing Directory
3D Printing Directory

3D printing creates real, solid objects one layer at a time using digital data. 3D printing may therefore soon do for manufacturing and medicine what computers and the Internet have already done for the creation, processing and storage of information. For an explanation of 3D printing technologies, opportunities and implications, please see the 3D Printing page, my 3D Printing videos, or my book 3D Printing: The Next Industrial Revolution.

The 3D printing marketplace is now evolving extremely quickly. This directory brings together links to many of those organizations currently developing and producing 3D printers, as well as some of those pioneering their application. If you know of a site that should be included, please let me know.


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Industrial 3D Printer Manufacturers

The following all manufacture 3D printers for commercial applications that range from rapid prototyping to direct digital manufacturing (DDM):

  • 3D Systems
    3D Systems is the largest 3D printer manufacturer. The company's various 3D printer models are based on a wide range of technologies, including vat photopolymerization (stereolithography), powder bed fusion (laser sintering and DMLS), binder jetting (ColorJet Printing), material jetting (MultiJet Printing) and material extrusion (PlasticJet Printing).
  • 3Geometry
    3Geometry in India produces 3D printers for making sand cast molds and cores.
  • Agilista
    Agilista are a Japanese manufacturer of material jetting 3D printers.
  • Arcam
    Arcam produces 3D printers based on a powder bed fusion technology called electron beam melting.
  • Asiga
    Asiga produces desktop vat photopolymerization (stereolithographic) 3D printers.
  • Aspect
    Aspect are based in Japan and produce powder-bed fusion 3D printers.
  • BeAM
    BeAM is a French manufacturer of 3D printers that use the directed energy deposition process.
  • BigRep
    BigRep produce a material extrusion 3D printer called the BigRep ONE that features a 1.3 cubic metre build volume.
  • Blueprinter
    Blueprinter produces a desktop 3D printer that uses a powder bed fusion technology called selective heat sintering (SHS) .
  • Carmina
    Carmina are a South Korean manufacturer of vat photopolumerization (DLP projection) 3D printing hardware.
  • CMET
    CMET produce vat photopolymerization (stereolithographic) 3D printers in Japan.
  • Concept Laser
    Concept Laser produce 3D printers based on a powder bed fusion technology called laserCUSING technology.
  • DWS Systems
    DWS Systems in Italy produce vat photopolymerization 3D printers for producing waxups.
  • EnvisionTEC
    EnvisionTEC produce a range of vat photopolymerization 3D printers based on DLP projection and 3SP (scan, spin and selectively photocure). The company also sells a 3D-Bioplotter for tissue engineering (bioprinting).
  • EOS
    EOS manufactures a range of powder bed fusion 3D printers based on selective laser sintering. Different models are dedicated to making things in metals, plastics or sand (for 3D sand casting.
  • ExOne
    ExOne sells industrial 3D printers that use binder jetting to build objects in sand (to enable 3D sand casting), as well as stainless steel, bronze, Incolel 625 and glass.
  • Fabrisonic
    Fabrisonic produce sheet lamination 3D printers that create objects by ultrasonically welding together layers of metal tape using what they term 'ultrasonic additive manufacturing (UAM).
  • Farsoon
    Farsoon is a Chinese manufacturer of powder bed fusion (laser sintering) 3D printers.
  • InssTek
    InssTek is a Korean manufacturer of directed energy desposition 3D printers.
  • Lithoz
    Lithoz is a 3D printer manufacturer in Austria that has developed a vat photopolymerization technology called lithography-based ceramic manufacturing (LCM). This selectively cures a photosensitive resin that contains ceramic particles.
  • LUXeXceL
    LUXeXceL have developed a material jetting technology called Printoptical that enables the 3D printing of functional lenses and other optical components.
  • Mcor Technologies
    Mcor Technologies makes 3D printers that use a sheet lamination process called selective deposition lamination. This produces full-colour 3D objects using standard copier paper.
  • Nanoscribe
    Nanoscribe produce a nanolithograhic 3D printer that uses two photon polymerization (2PP) to create 3D objects on a nanoscale.
  • Optomec
    Optomec produces 3D printers based on a directed energy deposition technology called 'laser engineered net shaping'. This deposits a metal powder that is melted with a laser to produce fully-dense, end-use metal parts. The company also sells 'Aerosol Jet' hardware that can print working electronics onto 3D surfaces.
  • Organovo
    Organovo are a bioprinting pioneer who produce a 3D bioprinter called the Novogen MMX.
  • Prodways
    Prodways are a groupe Gorgé. company who produce 3D printers based on a vat photopolymerization technology called MOVINGLight DLP.
  • Realizer
    Realizer produce powder bed fusion 3D printers based on selective laser melting.
  • Renishaw
    Renishaw produce a powder bed fusion 3D printer than builds metal objects using laser melting.
  • SLM Solutions
    SLM Solutions produce a range of 3D printers based on a powder bed fusion technology called their selective laser melting.
  • Sciaky
    SciakyLM Solutions produce powder bed fusion 3D printers based on electron beam melting -- or what they term 'electron beam additive manufacturing'.
  • Shaanxi Hengtong
    Shaanxi Hengtong produces vat photopolymerization (stereolithographic) 3D printers.
  • Shanghai Union Technology
    Shanghai Union Technology produces vat photopolymerization (stereolithographic) 3D printers.
  • Stratasys
    3D printing giant Stratasys makes 3D printers based on material extrusion (FDM) and material jetting (Polyjet and WDM)technologies. As part of its portfolio, Stratasys also owns MakerBot Industries
  • TPM
    TPM in China produces powder bed fusion (laser sintering) 3D printers.
  • voxeljet
    voxeljet (with a lower-case "v") produces a range of 3D printers that use binder jetting to produce either plastic objects or 3D sand cast molds from powders. The company's largest model -- the VX4000 -- has an incredible build volume of 4 x 2 x 1 metres.
  • Wuhan Binhu Mechanical & Electrical Co
    Wuhan Binhu Mechanical & Electrical Co makes 3D printers based on powder bed fusion (SLS and SLM) and vat photopolymerization (stereolithography).

Personal 3D Printer Manufacturers

The following are just some of the companies that sell 3D printers (and 3D printer kits) with a smaller price tag, and which are intended for personal/desktop use. Some of these models do, nevertheless, have the potential for small-scale commercial application.

  • Afinia
    Afinia sell a dekstop material extrusion 3D printer called the H480.
  • BeeVeryCreative
    BeeVeryCreative make a very stylish and easily portable material extrusion 3D printer called BeeTheFirst.
  • Boots Industries
    Boots Industries produce low-cost material extrusion 3D printers under the name Rostock.
  • BUILDER
    BUILDER make some very solid material extrusion 3D printers, including a model with a dual extruder that can mix two thermoplastics in the same build.
  • By Flow
    By Flow produce a foldable, material extrusion 3D printer that has interchangeable print heads. This allows 3D printing in a variety of materials that range from thermoplastics to food.
  • Cubify is part of 3D Systems, and sells the Cube and Cube Pro material extrusion personal 3D printers, plus a vat photopolymerization (micro-SLA) desktop machine called the ProJet 1200.
  • CB-Printer.com
    CB-Printer in Poland produces a material extrusion 3D printer available in kit form or fully assembled.
  • CEL
    UK-based CEL produce a very stylish material extrusion 3D printer called the Robox.
  • DWS Lab
    DWS Lab produce a desktop vat photopolymerization (stereolithographic) 3D printer called the XFAB.
  • Eckertech
    Ekertech makes a material extrusion 3D printer called the eksbot.
  • Edison
    Edison sell a range a material extrusion 3D printers can can output not just thermoplastics, but also pastes including a metal-clay material and chocolate.
  • Fabster
    Fabster produce a material extrusion desktop 3D printer.
  • FormLabs
    Formlabs produces a desktop vat photopolymerization (inverted stereolithographic) 3D printer called the Form1+.
  • GermanRepRap
    German RepRap produce material extrusion 3D printers called the Neo and X400.
  • IonCoreLtd
    IonCoreLtd produce two material extrusion 3D printers called the Zinter and Zinter PRO.
  • Leapfrog 3D Printers
    Leapfrog produces a range of material extrusion 3D printers, with several of its models offering the ability to extrude multiple materials, including a soluble support.
  • Lewihe
    Lewihe produce a thermoplastic extrusion 3D printer called the Lewhie.
  • Lulzbot
    Lulzbot produce a cool thermoplastic extrusion 3D printer called the Taz 2.
  • MakerBot Industries
    Owned by Stratasys, MakerBot produces a range of MakerBot material extrusion 3D printers including the Replicator 2X, Replicator Fifth Generation, MakerBot Mini and the Replicator Z18.
  • MakeGEAR
    MakerGear sells its own M Series material extrusion 3D printers, as well as some RepRap open source hardware.
  • MarkForg3d
    MarkForg3d make a material extrusion 3D printer called the Mark One that can embed continuous strands of carbon fiber, fiberglass or Kevlar into its printouts.
  • Portabee
    The Portabee make a small, foldable material extrusion 3D printer called the Portabee Go.
  • PrintrBot
    PrinterBot produces low cost, material extrusion 3D printers in both kit-form and fully assembled. These include the Simple Metal, PrintrBot Plus, PrintrBox Go, and the DIY Simple Maker's Kit.
  • RepRapPro
    RepRapPro sell a wide range of kits for building open source, material extrusion RepRap 3D printers.
  • ReprapUniverse.com
    ReprapUniverse.com sells kits for MendleMax and Prussa open source, material extrusion RepRap 3D printers.
  • Solidoodle
    Solidoodle sell several material extrusion 3D printers including the Solidoodle Press, Solidoodle Workbench, and Solidoodle 4..
  • Tiertime
    Teirtime Corporation is a Chinese 3D printer manufacturer of material extrusion 3D printers including the UP Mini, Up Plus 2 and UP BOX.
  • Tinkerine
    Tinkerine is a publically-traded Canadian manufacturer of material extrusion 3D printers called the Litto, Ditto+ and Ditto Pro.
  • Ultimaker
    Ultimaker produces two material extrusion 3D printers called the Ultimaker2 and the Ultimaker Original.
  • Weistek
    Weistek produce the IdeaWerk and X-Master material extrusion 3D printers.
  • Zmorph
    Zmorph sell a range of desktop, material extrusion 3D printer called the Zmorph 2.0. This has interchangeable heads for 3D printing in a range of plastic and ceramic materials, as well as food.
  • Zortrax
    Zortrax produces a material extrusion 3D printer called the M200.
  • XYZprinting
    XYZprinting is a subsidiary of the $30bn Kinpo Group, and sells a range of low cost material extrusion printers under their Da Vinci brand. The Da Vinci 2.1 includes integrated 3D scanning.

3D Printing Software

The following can all be used to produce digital objects for 3D printout, and/or to manipulate 3D object files.

  • 3D Transform
    3D Transform is a free, online 3D object file converter.
  • AutoCAD
    AutoCAD is an high-end, industry leading CAD package from Autodesk.
  • Autodesk 123D
    Autodesk 123D is a range of free 3D printing design applications.
  • Blender
    Blender is a free, open-source 3D design package that has traditionally been used for screen-based graphics but which now includes modelling tools for 3D print.
  • Cubify Invent
    Cubify Invent is an entry-level modelling package from 3D Systems that is written from the ground up for those wishing to create objects for 3D printout.
  • Leopoly
    Leopoly is a sculpting package for creating models for 3D print. The free Leopoly.com provides a "digital playground" that runs in a web browser, while the more feature-rich LeopolyNEXT is downloadable via subscription.
  • LimitState
    LimitState is a software application for fixing STL files prior to 3D printing.
  • Rhino
    Rhino is an excellent mid-range CAD package for 3D modelling.
  • Sculptris
    Sculptris is a free-version of the ZBrush 3D modelling package from Pixologic. Either application allows sculpting in a kind of expandable digital clay, making it an interesting artistic tool for creating 3D printable figurines and other sculptures.
  • SketchUp
    SketchUp (formerly Google Sketchup) is a popular 3D modelling application from Trimble Navigation. The software comes in two versions -- a personal edition called SketchUp Make which is free to download, and a paid professional edition.
  • Solidworks
    SolidWorks is a highly popular, professional CAD package from Dassault Systèmes.
  • Tinkercad
    Tintercad is free, browser-based 3D design package.
  • TurboCAD
    TurboCAD is a popular, low-cost design package that can be used to create objects for 3D printout.

3D Printing Bureau

The following all offer 3D printing and related services:

3D Printer Resellers

The following sell and support 3D printers:

3D Object Repositories

The following are online repositories of 3D objects just waiting to be 3D printed:

Direct Digital Manufacturing Pioneers

The following are already manufacturing products using 3D printers:

Open Source 3D Printing

The following online communities are crowdsourcing the development of 3D printers, with all designs and construction information freely shared online:

Bioprinting

Bioprinting is the particular branch of 3D printing dedicated to the creation of living, organic materials one layer at a time. The following are all at the forefront of this cutting-edge area of medical research:

3D Printing Videos

Here are links to some of my favourite videos that showcase 3D printing developments:

3D Printing - Further Information

The following are good sources of further information on 3D printing:


Return to 3D Printing Resources page.
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